A medical school in the United States is a four-year graduate institution with the purpose of educating physicians in the field of medicine. Such schools provide a major part of the medical education in the United States. Graduates receive either a Doctor of Medicine (M.D.)
Admissions to medical school in the United States is generally considered competitive. Admissions criteria include grade point averages,letters of recommendation.
Medical school typically consists of four years of training, although a few programs (at least two) offer three-year tracks. The first two years consist of basic science courses, such as anatomy, biochemistry, histology, microbiology, pharmacology, physiology, cardiology, pulmonology, gastroenterology, endocrinology, psychiatry, neurology, etc. The third and fourth years consist of clinical rotations, sometimes called clerkships, where students attend hospitals and clinics. These rotations are usually at teaching hospitals but are sometimes at community hospitals or with private physicians. The typical “core” (i.e. mandatory) rotations taken in third year are Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pediatrics, Psychiatry, Family Medicine, Internal Medicine, and Surgery. Fourth year for the most part will consist of electives and some mandatory rotations like Emergency Medicine and Neurology – but again, some schools are different and some have been able to allow students to take an elective,since by the time students are applying for residency programs.